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European UrologyVolume 62, issue 5, pages e83-e94, November 2012
Female Urology - Incontinence
Prospective Randomised Controlled Trial of Transobturator Tapes in Management of Urodynamic Stress Incontinence in Women: 3-Year Outcomes from the Evaluation of Transobturator Tapes Study
Accepted 3 April 2012, Published online 14 April 2012, pages 843 - 851
There is a lack of information on the long-term outcomes of transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TO-TVT) in the surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
To assess the 3-yr outcomes following TO-TVT and to compare the effectiveness of inside-out versus outside-in approaches.
Design, setting, and participants
A 3-yr follow-up study of the Evaluation of Transobturator Tapes (E-TOT) trial, a randomised controlled trial (RCT) conducted with women undergoing TO-TVT as a sole procedure between April 2005 and April 2007 in a tertiary urogynaecology centre in the United Kingdom.
Patients (n = 341) were randomised to undergo either TVT-O (Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) for the inside-out approach or TOT-Aris (Coloplast Corp., Minneapolis, MN, USA) for the outside-in approach.
Outcome measurements and statistical analysis
The primary outcome was patient-reported success rate. Secondary outcomes included further treatment for SUI, improvement in quality of life, late complications, and risk factors for late failures. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square or Fisher exact test. Within-group comparison was undertaken using Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. Risk factors for late failures were assessed in a multivariate regression model. All statistical analysis was performed using SPSS v.18.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).
Results and limitations
The 3-yr follow-up was completed by 238 of the 341 women (70%). The overall success rate, based on Patient's Global Impression of Improvement response, was 73.1%, with no significant difference between the inside-out and the outside-in TO-TVT (73.18% vs 72.3%; odds ratio: 0.927; 95% confidence interval, 0.552–1.645; p = 0.796). Compared with the 1-yr follow-up, there was a significant reduction in the patient-reported success rate (p = 0.005); however, no independent risk factors were identified. A clinically significant improvement (≥10 points) was seen in 80% (n = 191) of women, with no significant difference between both groups (p = 0.113). Twenty-two women (6%) underwent further surgical treatment within 3 yr. The lack of an objective outcome assessment is a potential limitation of this RCT.
The E-TOT RCT showed a 73% patient-reported success rate for TO-TVT at 3-yr follow-up, with no significant differences between inside-out and outside-in approaches. There was a significant drop in patient-reported success rates between 1 and 3 yr.
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