To counsel patients adequately, it is important to understand the variables influencing satisfaction and regret following prostatectomy.
To identify independent predictors for satisfaction and regret after radical prostatectomy.
Design, setting, and participants
Patients who had undergone retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) or robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) between 2000 and 2007 were mailed cross-sectional surveys composed of sociodemographic information, the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC), and questions regarding satisfaction and regret.
Sociodemographic variables, perioperative complications, type of procedure, length of follow-up, and EPIC scores were evaluated as independent predictors of satisfaction and regret in multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results and limitations
A total of 400 patients responded (response rate 61%) of whom 84% were satisfied and 19% regretted their treatment choice. In multivariate analysis, lower income (odds ratio [OR], 0.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03–0.23), shorter follow-up (OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.41–0.98), having undergone RRP versus RALP (OR, 4.45; 95% CI, 1.90–10.4)], urinary domain scores (OR, 2.70; 95% CI, 1.60–4.54), and hormonal domain scores (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.30–3.12) were independently associated with satisfaction (p ≤ 0.039). In terms of regret, RALP versus RRP (OR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.50–6.07), lower urinary domain scores (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37–0.91) and hormonal domain scores (OR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.45–0.98), and years since surgery (OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.13–2.36) were again predictive (p ≤ 0.041). African American race (OR, 3.58; 95% CI, 1.52–8.43) and lower bowel domain scores (OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.55–0.97) were also independently associated with regret (p ≤ 0.028).
Sociodemographic variables and quality of life were important variables associated with satisfaction and regret. Patients who underwent RALP were more likely to be regretful and dissatisfied, possibly because of higher expectation of an “innovative” procedure. We suggest that urologists carefully portray the risks and benefits of new technologies during preoperative counseling to minimize regret and maximize satisfaction.
Keywords: Health related quality of life, Radical prostatectomy, Regret, Satisfaction.
Duke Prostate Center, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Corresponding author. Chief Division of Urologic Surgery, Director Duke Prostate Center, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC 3707, Durham, NC 27710, United States. Tel. +1 919 684 5057; Fax: +1 919 684 8794.
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© 2008 Published by Elsevier B.V.