More than 15 years ago, several centers started to offer urethra-sparing cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion for female patients with bladder malignancies. Several studies have been published, outlining both the anatomical and oncological aspects of such an approach.
In this contribution, the main aspects regarding the surgical technique of cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion in female patients, including technical variations which have been derived over the years, are presented.
Results and Conclusion
The video shows a detailed description of the surgical technique, and the main steps of the procedure are demonstrated in schematic drawings as well as in animations to facilitate understanding. Emphasis is given on important anatomical and physiological aspects, which have influenced the current surgical steps. Possible sequelae on oncological and functional outcome, which play an important role in the evaluation of this procedure, are also discussed.
Keywords: Cystectomy, Neobladder, Urinary diversion, Bladder substitute, Female patient.
© 2006 European Association of Urology, Published by Elsevier B.V.